Sir William Watson Cheyne

Catalogue of artefacts, photographs and documents


            Front page
       An introduction to the website
     An introduction to Sir William Watson Cheyne
   Bacteria and antiseptics
 In Lister's footsteps
Catalogue

I. Interactive displays on computer at Fetlar Interpretive Centre:

  1. Sir William Watson Cheyne and Antiseptic Surgery - an interactive multi-media display for PC, available on CD-ROM. Produced by Write Design of Shetland for Fetlar Museum Trust.
  2. Sir William Watson Cheyne and Antiseptic Surgery in the Victorian era - a multi-media display and historical journey for upper primary age children. Produced by Write Design of Shetland for Fetlar Museum Trust.

II. Booklet:

  • Sir William Watson Cheyne and Antiseptic Surgery - the story of a Fetlar man. Produced by Fetlar Museum Trust. Available at Fetlar Interpretive Centre, priced £6, or by post - please contact FMT for postage prices.

III.Exhibition leaflet:

  • Sir William Watson Cheyne and Antiseptic Surgery - the story of a Fetlar man. Available at Fetlar Interpretive Centre or by post from Fetlar Museum Trust.

IV. Schools pack, including CD-ROM (for PCs):

  • Sir William Watson Cheyne and Antiseptic Surgery in the Victorian era - a multi-media display and historical journey for upper primary age children. Also contains teachers' notes and table to show how material is relevant to national 5-14 Guidelines.

V. Artefacts

  1. Plaster cast of bust of Sir William Watson Cheyne.
  2. Watson Cheyne probe - a probe invented by Sir William Watson Cheyne which was at one time routinely used to probe the bile duct.
  3. A selection of medical instruments and kidney tray owned and used by Sir William Watson Cheyne in Fetlar.
  4. Medical bag belonging to Sir William Watson Cheyne.
  5. Small inscribed silver tray presented to Christian Anderson (servant at Leagarth House, Fetlar) by Sir William Watson Cheyne when she disturbed burglars at his house at Beechgrove in 1920.
  6. Framed photograph of Sir William Watson Cheyne.
  7. First edition copy of Lister and his Achievement signed by the author, Sir William Watson Cheyne, and gifted by him to Sir Arthur J. Nicolson of Brough Lodge, Fetlar, in 1925.
  8. (On loan for first summer of exhibition) Wooden medical instruments case inscribed on a small brass plaque on the front: Edinburgh University Class of Surgery 1874(?)-75. Senior Division First Prize Awarded to W. Watson Cheyne, James(?) Spence, Professor.
  9. (On loan) Folder presented to Sir William Watson Cheyne by the Shetland Society of Wellington on his visit to New Zealand in 1928. The text is in two parts: one part in English and the other part in Maori.
  10. (On loan) Signed photograph of Queen Victoria, presented by the Queen to Sir William Watson Cheyne after he successfully operated on John Brown, one of her favourite servants and the subject of the recent film, Mrs Brown.

VI. Photographic exhibition

  1. Sir William Watson Cheyne and Lord Lister - a partnership in the development of antiseptic surgery.
  2. Sir William Watson Cheyne's family background.
  3. Early life.
  4. Sir William Watson Cheyne's own work and achievements, including his work on war wounds during the Boer War and World War 1.
  5. Sir Watson in Fetlar.
  6. Sir Watson's family.
  7. Leagarth House.
  8. Leagarth Gardens.

VII. Copies of documents and articles relating to Sir William Watson Cheyne
Album 1 -

  • "Lister and his Achievement" Cheyne, Sir W.W., Lister and his Achievement, the First Lister Memorial Lecture, May 14th, 1925.

Album 2 -

  • "Sir William Watson Cheyne and the Treatment of Wounds in War" Cheyne family collection of newspaper articles relating to W.W. Cheyne's departure for the Boer War in 1900 as Consultant Surgeon to Lord Roberts.
  • Cheyne, Sir W.W., An Address on the Treatment of Wounds in War, 1914.
  • Cheyne, Sir W.W., The Hunterian Oration on the Treatment of Wounds in War (including review in The Lancet), 1915.
  • Poem delivered at King's College Hospital at a dinner for W.W. Cheyne and L. Cheatle on their departure for the Boer War, 1900.
  • Extract from Conan Doyle, Sir Arthur, Memories and Adventures - autobiography - Murray, 1930, pp.217-218, describing an operation performed by William Watson Cheyne in South Africa during the Boer War.

Album 3 -

  • "Articles and Lectures by Sir William Watson Cheyne on the Treatment of Wounds"
  • Cheyne, Sir W.W., The Bradshaw Lecture on the Treatment of Wounds, 1908.
  • Cheyne, Sir W.W., Remarks on the Treatment of Wounds in connexion with the recent results obtained at St. George's Hospital, 1910.
  • Cheyne, Sir W.W., The Defensive Arrangements of the Body as Illustrated by the Incidence of Disease in Children and Adults - the Wightman Lecture for 1908.
  • Initial pages of a number of other publications by Sir William Watson Cheyne.

Album 4 -
  • "Documents, letters and articles relating to Sir William Watson Cheyne" Photograph of bound copy of William Watson Cheyne's notes taken at Lord Lister's lectures, 1872-8. Reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.
  • Photographs of three pages (including index and case notes, Nov. 7th 1872) from William Watson Cheyne's notes taken at Lord Lister's lectures, 1872-8. Reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.
  • Copy of certificate: Presented by the Joint Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England to Sir Watson Cheyne Bart. K.C.M.G. C.B. F.R.C.S. in recognition of valuable services rendered during the War, 1914-1919.
  • Copy of certificate: The Jacksonian Prize, awarded to William Watson Cheyne, 1880, for his dissertation on The History, Principles, Practice and Results of Antiseptic Surgery.
  • Registration certificate and lecture schedule for William Watson Cheyne at Vienna University, 1975-6. Copy of certificate - Order of the Bath, Civil Division, third class, awarded by Edward VII to William Watson Cheyne.
  • Copy of certificate - Order of St. Michael and St. George - awarded to Sir William Watson Cheyne by King George V, January 1st, 1916.
  • Copy of certificate - The New York Academy of Medicine - W. Watson Cheyne elected Honorary Fellow of Academy, February 4th 1904.
  • Copy of front page of Warrant of Appointment for Sir William Watson Cheyne, Bart, CB, FRS, as Hononary Surgeon in Ordinary, 7th May 1910.
  • Copy of certificate from Lord Chamberlain's office, appointing Sir William Watson Cheyne as one of the Honorary Surgeons in Ordinary to his Majesty, 1910.
  • Copy of certificate from Edinburgh University conferring upon W.W. Cheyne the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws, 4th February 1905.
  • Copy of letter from William Watson (grandfather of W.W. Cheyne), Fetlar Manse, 7th August 1839, to Sir Arthur Nicolson [Brough Lodge, Fetlar] regarding allocation of fish and butter, and asking for repairs to be made to the Fetlar Manse because of severe damp.
  • Copy of letter from King's College, May 12, 1879 to William Watson Cheyne extending his appointment as Surgical Registrar for a further 12 months.
  • Copy of letter to W.W. Cheyne from Herbert G. Bristow, Honorary Secretary, Bexley Cottage Hospital asking former to accept appointment as Honorary Consulting Surgeon to the hospital, 19th August, 1890.
  • Copy of letter from Lionel F. Hill, Secretary, North London Hospital for Consumption, Hampstead, asking W.W. Cheyne to accept appointment as Honorary Consulting Surgeon to the hospital, 2nd December, 1893.
  • Copy of letter from A.L. Playfair, Honorary Secretary, Siddons House Private Hospital, Haymarket Theatre, London [hospital for members of the theatrical profession] asking W.W. Cheyne to accept appointment as Consultant Surgeon, 30th September , 1895.
  • Copy of letter from Andrew Douth(?), 20th June 1895, notifying W.W. Cheyne that he has been elected to give their Lettsomian Lecture for 1895-6.
  • Copy of letter from Robert Saundby(?), President of the Council of the British Medical Association, January 22nd, 1897, asking W.W. Cheyne to accept appointment as President of Section of Pathology and Bacteriology.
  • Copy of letter from Edward Trimmer(?), Secretary, Royal College of Surgeons of England, 1st July 1897, notifying W.W. Cheyne of his election as a member of the Council.
  • Copy of letter from D.M. Forbes, Honorary Surgeon, Scottish Hospital, notifying W.W. Cheyne of his recommendation to the General Court as Honorary Surgeon., 27th November, 1897. Includes formal invitation to a banquet.
  • Copy of letter from Pathological Society of London, 10th April 1899, informing W.W. Cheyne of his nomination as President of the Pathological Society of London.
  • Copy of letter from St. Bartholemew's Hospital and College, 19th May 1899, informing W.W. Cheyne of his election as President of the Pathological Society of London.
  • Copy of notice of the Presentation of South African Medals [including award to W.W. Cheyne, Consulting Surgeon], 12th June, 1901.
  • Copy of invitation to W.W. Cheyne to sing in the choir at the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, dated 12th June 1902.
  • Copy of invitation to Mr. & Mrs. Watson Cheyne to a Court at Buckingham Palace on Friday, 8th May 1903.
  • Copy of letter from Buckingham Palace, 11th January 1909, thanking W.W. Cheyne as Honorary Surgeon.of "King Edward VII" hospital.
  • Letter from Buckingham Palace, 16th August 1920, addressed to Sir W.W. Cheyne as Lord Lieutenant of Orkney, regarding unemployed ex-servicemen.
  • Newspaper cutting from The Lancet, April 21st, 1900 - review of A Manual of Surgical Treatment by W.W. Cheyne.
  • Newspaper cutting from unknown publication: Royal College of Surgeons, reporting Centenary Festival of Royal College of Surgeons. Date unknown.
  • Newspaper cutting from unknown publication: The King in London, Investiture To-Day. Includes note of Order of the Bath conferred upon W.W. Cheyne.
  • Newspaper cutting from The Scotsman(?): Shetlander Lord Lieutenant of the County - appointment of Sir W.W. Cheyne as Lord Lieutenant of Orkney and Shetland.
  • Newspaper cutting from The Morning Post, 21st April 1932(?): Friend and Assistant of Lister - Obituary for Sir William Watson Cheyne.
  • Extract from Lives of the Fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons, 1930-1951, London, 1953, giving details of career of Sir William Watson Cheyne.
  • Woodall, R.D., Sir William Watson Cheyne - A Shetland Surgeon, Shetland Life, April 1987.
  • Sir William Watson Cheyne - Obituary, The British Medical Journal, April 30th, 1932, pp.821-822.
  • Sir William Watson Cheyne, FRCS, FRS - Obituary, The Lancet, April 30th, 1932, pp.963-965.
  • The Lancet, April 22, 1932(?), short paragraph announcing death of Sir William Watson Cheyne.

Volume 5 -

  • "Articles relating to the family of Sir William Watson Cheyne" Smith, Gordon B., Captain Andrew Cheyne - sailor, trader and author, Shetland Life, August 1993.
  • Manson, Dr. M., Lecture on Sir William Watson Cheyne given to Northmavine History Group, 1989.
  • Johnson, Robert L., From a Minister's Diary - Fetlar, 1846-47 [Diary of Rev. William Watson, grandfather of Sir William Watson Cheyne], Shetland Life, April 1987.
  • Goldman, Martin, Lister Ward, Bristol 1987 - extracts regarding specifically the diary of Margaret Mathewson from Yell, Shetland, who was treated for tuberculosis at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary by Joseph Lister and William Watson Cheyne in 1877.
  • Cheyne, Sir Joseph, The Cheyne Family (unpublished).

Photograph albums

  • Album 1 - Leagarth, Fetlar, early 1900s
  • Album 2 - Leagarth, Fetlar, early 1900s
  • Album 3 - Leagarth, Fetlar, early 1900s to 1920s
  • Album 4 - Leagarth, Fetlar, 1920s


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Fetlar Interpretive Centre,

Beach of Houbie, Fetlar, Shetland, ZE2 9DJ.
Contact us by email Tel: 01957 733206